University of Pittsburgh: E-cigarettes are Less Harmful than Cigarettes

Public health ethics emphasizes that the achievement of public health goals should “minimize violations of individual rights and freedoms”. Whether smokers decide to quit smoking or switch to Eleafworld.FR e-cigarettes, we should show respect.

Recently, three research scholars from the University of Pittsburgh in the United States pointed out in their research paper that the harm of e-cigarettes is far less than that of cigarettes, and “E-Cigarette Availability” (ECA) should be regarded as a tobacco harm reduction strategy. “E-cigarette availability” is a group intervention to encourage smokers to switch to e-cigarettes. It has two meanings: to make it clear to smokers that e-cigarettes are less harmful than cigarettes, and to ensure that they have easy access to e-cigarettes.

The authors of the paper point out that “Eleaf E-cigarettes availability” is supported by two ethical frameworks, public health ethics and biomedical ethics. “E-cigarette availability” can help smokers reduce health risks and hazards, and allow smokers to make health decisions by themselves, in line with the principle of respecting individual rights and autonomy, and promoting social fairness and justice. At the same time, achieving public health goals with “e-cigarette availability” encounters the fewest constraints than traditional tobacco control practices. The authors emphasized in the paper: “Focusing on groups does not conflict with respecting individual rights, and (public health) officials and doctors should encourage smokers to switch to e-cigarettes and reduce violations of individual rights and freedoms of smokers.”

The biomedical ethics framework has proposed four principles, namely respect for autonomy, benevolence (increasing patient welfare), non-maliciousness (avoiding harm to patients), and justice. E-cigarettes are far less harmful than cigarettes, and allowing smokers to switch to e-cigarettes can help smokers avoid the harm caused by traditional tobacco, so it conforms to the principles of benevolence and non-maliciousness.

Even smokers who started to quit smoking in their later years have the right and freedom to pursue harm reduction. Their rights also need to be protected. “Everyone has the right to pursue their own definition of happiness, and we should respect whether smokers decide to quit smoking or switch to vape e-cigarettes,” said Rebecca Thomas of the University of Pittsburgh, one of the authors of the paper.

Since the individual rights of smokers should be respected, it is particularly important to provide accurate e-cigarette information to ensure that smokers make informed decisions. “They (vaping opponents) may say it’s safer to ‘let the public overestimate the risks of vaping’, but concealing and distorting information about vaping will discredit public health agencies.

Once credibility is lost, the public will question or even ignore other risk information it publishes, causing major public health hazards. The Public Health Ethics Framework states that the least restrictive interventions should be used to achieve public health goals. As far as tobacco harm reduction goals are concerned, the provision of Eleaf iStick Amnis 2 to smokers is less restrictive than banning the sale of e-cigarettes and all tobacco products, and thus meets their ethical needs.

In addition, providing smokers with e-cigarette products and e-cigarette harm reduction information can also provide vulnerable groups with cheaper harm reduction programs, reduce social health disparities, and promote social justice.

According to the World Health Organization, tobacco kills more than 8 million people every year, and tobacco harm reduction is imperative. There is substantial evidence that e-cigarettes are much less harmful than cigarettes, and both the public health ethics framework and the biomedical ethics framework demonstrate that the availability of e-cigarettes is ethical and beneficial, and smokers should be encouraged to switch to e-cigarettes.

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